CIHA 2016 in Beijing

34th World Congress of Art History

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POLITICAS DE IDENTIDAD DURANTE LA DICTADURA BRASILEÑA _(Politics of Identity during the Brazilian dictatorship).

Session 6 Politics of Identity: Tradition and Origin

Venice International University, Aberystwyth University and Munich University.


This paper is about Brazilian dictatorship (1964-1985) and how it is portrayed in Brazilian Art. I will examine the ways in which Brazilian artists have expressed and responded to the social, economic and political crisis of dictatorship. During this period, the artists were heavily affected by the political conditions and criticized the violence at the time. Their works spoke out against the political crisis and they created new forms and expressions in their art. This period of military dictatorship had a direct influence on the Brazilian art scene and many artists featured scenes of political oppression, murder and torture in their work.Not only were theworks of artcensored, butalso the entire art world: museums, biennale, salons, artpapers, artcriticisms and journals.  This created a crisis in the Brazilian art world.

The artists rebelled by demonstrating in collective and suburban areas. They broke away from the art isolation. They sought a new form of communication with the audience. During this time in Brazil, frequent collective manifestations took place in public spaces. They dealt with social issues and used irony in their work in order to express political disagreement. This paper will show the importance of crisis during times of Brazilian dictatorship and explain the creation of a new form of art in Brazil and how politics have influenced Brazilian artists.

Keywords: Brazilian Art, dictatorship, Social Art, Tropicália, contemporary art.


Tatiane de Oliveira Elias is University Professor of History of Art and Museum Studies. Her research interests also extend into contemporary Brazilian art; She earned her Ph.D. (2014) in art history at Stuttgart State Academy of Art and Design. Her dissertation examined the works and films by HélioOiticica. In 2003 she received her M.A in Art History from UNICAMP University; in 1999 she graduated in Philosophy at UNICAMP. She has received grants from different Fellowships LASA, KSK-Germany, Oxford University, BFBB-Germany, CAPES/DAAD, FAPESP, FAEP-Unicamp, SAE-Unicamp. She attended different conferences and Symposiums about the history of Art.  She has written articles on Brazilian Art and cinema. She has published more than 10 papers, 2 books; her first book, Die Kunstfilme von HélioOiticica (2014)  and the second book,  HélioOiticica: crítica de arte, (2014) , and 3 book chapters about cinematic  language in HélioOiticica's work. She having lived and studied abroad at Venice International University, Aberystwyth University and Munich University.