CIHA 2016 in Beijing

34th World Congress of Art History

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BRIGITTE, D'Hainaut
CHINESE AND ANGLO-CHINESE GARDENS FROM THE OLD LOW COUNTRIES (XVIIIth CENTURY): INFLUENCES, SIMILARITIES, DIFFERENCES

Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB)


ABSTRACT

Based on the study of two or three "Anglo-Chinese" gardens built in the Low Countries during the eighteenth century (plans, pavilions views, texts) it would, in a comparative perspective, attempt to clarify the influence of Chinese gardens on them. This influence, which occurs most often through gardeners or English theorists, will primarily be visible at their tracing, now keen to concatenate successive views, works at the ground level that cease being flat, and also a site architecturation which saw a proliferation of pavilions and follies, by the means of a "semantisatisation" of these walk places.


But if there is borrowing of patterns and matching of certain practices, it remains between the gardens of here and there an initial and essential difference that is related to the nature of the relationship that these two cultural traditions, Chinese and Western, have with the space. In China, the Viewer is, indeed, rather integrated in the garden, his body being immersed by a series of elevations and the framing of views and few opportunities are offered to take some distance, while in the West, the mental structure imposed by the perspective system makes the Viewer remaining fundamentally external of the things viewed.