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Market, state and cultural hegemony: The action of the Comité Permanent des Exposition françaises des beaux art à l'étranger at the beginning of the XXth Century
Session 16 Commodity and Market
Universidad Nacional de San Martín
Classical Theory defines the market as a self-regulated exchange balanced by the interaction of supply and demand. This perspective has been reviewed to take into account other factors, like the action of the State, as a key force in market dynamics. Projecting these issues on to the domain of art, we observe some examples in which the State played a major role in the emergence and development of an international art-market. In other words, we cannot understand the French art market of the beginning of the XX Century, and its foreign offshoots, without taking into account the specific boards and regulations designed by the State to export French contemporary artworks.
This paper examines some key exhibitions organized by the Comité Permanent des Exposition françaises des beaux art à l'étranger during the first decade of the XX century, to observe the strategies carried out by organizers and public officials in order to succeed in locations like London, United Kingdom and Buenos Aires, Argentina. The selection of art tendencies sent to the different scenarios had to do with mental projections about what styles would be suitable for the “imagined” artistic public.
BALDASARRE, María Isabel
María Isabel Baldasarre holds a PhD in art history from the Universidad de Buenos Aires in Argentina, having earned an undergraduate degree in art history from the same university. Baldasarre is currently a researcher at the Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), an associate professor and director of the master’s degree program in Argentinean and Latin American art history at the Universidad Nacional de San Martín, and a member of the board of the Centro Argentino de Investigadores de Arte. Baldasarre has received scholarships and grants from CONICET, the Antorchas Foundation, the Latin American Studies Association , the Getty Foundation, the Institut National d’Histoire de l’Art, and the Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz. A specialist in late-nineteenth and early-twentieth-century European and Argentinean art, art collecting, and the art market, Baldasarre is the author of Los dueños del arte. Coleccionismo y consumo cultural en Buenos Aires (Buenos Aires: Edhasa, 2006).