CIHA 2016 in Beijing
34th World Congress of Art HistoryAbout History Press Release Sessions Schedule Activities Participants Venue Discussion Registration Closed
Sessions Download PDF
Session 2 The Rank of Art
Session 3 Imagination and Projection
Session 4 Appreciation and Utility
Session 5 Self-Awareness or Self-Affirmation
Session 6 Politics of Identity: Tradition and Origin
Session 7 Translation and Change
Session 8 Art and Taboo
Session 9 Autonomy and Elusion
Session 10 Gendered Practices
Session 11 Landscape and Spectacle
Session 12 Garden and Courtyard
Session 13 Transmission and Adoption
Session 14 The Other and the Foreign: Contact, Curiosity, and Creative Exchange
Session 15 Creative Misunderstanding
Session 16 Commodity and Market
Session 17 Display
Session 18 Media and Visuality
Session 19 History of Beauty vs. History of Art
Session 20 Professional Education and Aesthetic Education
Session 21 Connecting Art Histories and World Art
The Impact of Oriental illustrations on the gardens and cityscape
The gardens of Marly: the creation of an architect（法国马利城堡的花园：一位建筑师的创造）
From Marly gardens to Peterhof: how a French garden design was adapted to Russia（从马利花园到彼德霍夫宫：一所法国花园在俄国的改头换面）
Borrowing scenery in China and Japan：theory and practice in seventeenth century garden art（中国与日本的借景：17世纪园林艺术中的理论与实践）
The Meaning and Significance of the Garden and Courtyard in Arab-Muslim Traditions（阿拉伯穆斯林传统中园林与庭院的含义与意味）
RANJBAR, Ehsan and MOTALAEI, Najmeh and BACITY, Elham
The Effects of Persian Gardens on Quality of Urban Life in Persian Cities
Ceremony and Courtyard of the nobility in ancient Japan（古代日本贵族的礼仪与庭院）
Looking Over the Garden Wall: Visions and Fictions in Seventeenth-Century Garden Culture
Gardens and courtyards, as a universal phenomenon, provide for us an ideal subject of cross-cultural and trans-disciplinary exploration. This session will provide an opportunity to raise the issue of the specificity of gardens and courtyards. It will consider the various techniques and materials used in their construction and design, and the different ways they are used and perceived in various traditions and historical contexts. It is impossible to define and understand the garden in certain perspective. The charming of a garden lies in its multi-facet significance and its warm welcome given to the endeavour of understanding it in different cultural perspectives. Technically, garden and courtyard seems to be not only concerned with space and orientation, but also with time and cycles. Functionally, creating a garden involves both making something to look at, and a place to live in. What they offer to look at, and the way they allow their users to live, can be interpreted as the expression of certain ideals concerning nature or the place of human beings in the universe.
The following issues could be addressed:
1.Space design and time-planning in the gardens of different cultures.
2.Gardens as places for specific activities (feasts, gatherings, games and art performances, religious practices…) and its connection with outer world.
3.Gardens as tools to create specific impressions and feelings.
4.Gardens as ways to express or represent ideas or show images of nature or the cosmic universe.
5.Gardens, the cultural exchange and the travel of ideas.
6.Gardens and its role in the shaping of different cultures and societies.
These issues could also serve as possible starting points or as a grid of interpretation to compare different gardens from various historic traditions.